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Garifuna People and Culture in Central AmericaBlocks were cut using stone tools onlyThe carved glyphs on temples and palaces are therefore important because there is so little remaining of the original Maya culture.Source:McKillop, Heather2004It has been suggested that, in conjunction with the Maya Long Count Calendar, every 52 years, or cycle, temples and pyramids were remodeled and rebuiltRemove Ads Advertisement Pyramids Maya pyramids soaring above the surrounding jungle, such as the 65-metre high Temple IV at Tikal (8th century CE), are amongst the most famous images from the ancient AmericasThe high lord of the Mayan kingdom was thought to hold sway with the gods of the underworld, who would assume the earthly form of a jaguarSubsistence farmers and servants made up the bottom rung of Mayan civilizationAlthough every Maya city is different, they tended to share certain characteristics, such as general layout.Layout of Maya CitiesMaya tended to lay their cities out in plaza groups: clusters of buildings around a central plaza
Thus, as the sub-structural platforms were completed, the grand residences and temples of the Maya were constructed on the solid foundations of the platformsMaya temple with intricate roof combIn the Lost World Complex at Tikal, for example, there is a pyramid which faces three other templesCaye Caulker, Belize Beautiful, Laid Back Caribbean GetawayEven at this early stage buildings were constructed on precise plans according to such events as the winter and summer solstices and equinoxesLondon: Thames & Hudson, 1992 ISBN 0500050619 Coe, Michael DThey were used to see the equinox and other astronomical phenomenonsTemples were often built with astronomy in mind: certain temples are aligned to the movements of Venus, the sun or the moonAll evidence seems to suggest that most stone buildings were built on top of a platform sub-structure that varied in height from less than three feet in the case of terraces and smaller structures to 135 feet in the case of great temples and pyramidsMaya influence even stretched into the 20th century CE when such noted architects as Frank Lloyd Wright and Robert Stacy-Judd incorporated elements of Maya architecture into their buildings
(2015, September 20)The Maya participated in long-distance trade in Mesoamerica and possibly to lands even further afieldBall court at Chichen Itza BallcourtsThe first calendar, known as the Tzolkin, refers to a period of 260 days likely based on the nine month birth period1,000CE First monumental building phase at Chichen Itza
Residential areas radiated out from the city center, growing sparser the further they got from the centerA flight of often steep stone steps split the large stepped platforms on at least one side, contributing to the common bi-symmetrical appearance of Mayan architectureLike the city center, the homes tended to be bunched together in clusters: some researchers believe that extended families lived together in one area(Click on the image below to see a larger version.)Ballcourts Used to play the ballgame of Mesoamerica which involved two teams of players trying to bounce a rubber ball through a single ring without the use of hands or feet, the most splendid Classic Maya ballcourt is to be found at CopanIf you're standing on the pyramid, the other temples are aligned with the rising sun on equinoxes and solstices(Lorenz Books, 2007)Caracols political accomplishments include defeating the neighboring Mayan kingdom of Tikal in Guatemala 2ffeafca65